Wombat Mange Care

Wombats are an Australian native species. They are apart of the macropod family; a marsupial branch of species located in the vast country’s wildlife. Like other marsupial animals they have fallen ill recently.

The spread of this disease is  disastrous because it is targeting wombats. These macropods, particularly the Northern Hairy Nosed Wombats,  are on conservation lists as endangered. As a vet student, a pillar I study under is sharing conservation methodology. Which is why I often write about God’s lovely creators on my blog.  Due to the endangerment of this species it is crucial to spread information on disease prevention and citizen residential support.

For most macropod animals vulnerability to the disease is much to blame for having weaker immune system. Unlike other macropods, wombat’s issues fall under the issue of mange. The mangy disease is attacking the small population of the 250 left in the wild.

Mange in basic jargon is when mites burrow into the skin. Thus evolving into itching, scabs, sores, and redness in the skin. Likewise, hair loss and crusty skin occur. After being infected with mange for a duration of a month the eyes and nose will crust over. An infection over a month will result in thicker scabbed skin resulting in death.

If a wombat is found by a resident and appears to exhibit these symptoms it is important to first enter the wombats information into WomSAT. Notably, WomSAT is an online citizen encounter report. After that information is logged be sure to contact an exotic veterinarian for care instructions or a local shelter.

If that isn’t available due to the location and vast outback of Australia take a holistic approach to healing the wombat. Utilize herbs and lotions that include valerian, aloe, chamomile, St John’s wort and kava. Particularly, bathing a wombat in aloe juice is the optimal choice. The aloe and chamomile offer a calming and anti-anxiety solution that doesn’t allow for disease progress and post care stress of the animal. Treatment should occur until the skin starts to heal. This can take a few months.

Wombats often suffer anxiety and stress. So, a normal treatment for mange will not work for wombats. These macropods will become stressed if given an antiparasitic steroid. Likewise, over the counter treatment for canine sarcoptic mange or didactic mange should not be applied. While, these medications might appeal to animal rehabilitators it can prevent the wombat’s immune system to warding off parasites in the future. In fact it makes them more susceptible to getting mange in the future.

Conservation of wombats, especially the Northern Hairy Nosed Wombats, is much-needed. Aiding these marsupial animals in the wake of disease is crucial. Due to their weak immune system it is vital to care for wombats in a holistic way and log their information. Contacting a shelter or veterinarian is optimal in this situation. Future hope for all macropod animals in the Australian wildlife scenery lies within proper research.

List of Popular Australian Wildlife Centers

Recently, several of Australia’s wildlife creatures have been struggling with a virus.  The majority of the species that have been infected are those that belong to the macropod family. These animals are typically marsupial animals. The main species that have been targeted are the Red and Grey Kangaroo’s; particularly the joeys.

The virus’ origin is still a mystery. Symptoms started to appear in late December 2017.  It has picked up gain in February 2018. The recent spike has also moved over to Wallabies, as well. Several of the observed joeys in sanctuaries or rescues have been reported to show flu-like symptoms. On a more sever side the kangaroo’s often revealed signs of massive internal hemorrhaging. Yet, no disease or detected bacteria is indicating what the mystery virus is.

On top of this detrimental virus there is now an increase in wild animal shootings. Along with that, unauthorized euthanasia are also occurring. Many locals don’t know what do to with the sick animals. So, they often take matters into their own hands.

Due to the lack of knowledge many result to termination of the macropods. All of wich can further harm an animal instead of relieving their pain. Several joeys have survived so-called “death blows”. When found by another the proper termination of that animal didn’t occur so the joey was further injured.

To avoid further sufferings of these sick animals I’ve listed some steps and organizations for one to reach out to. So, I have listed popular wildlife centers in Australia that can help further assist if you see an injured or sick animal.

  1. WIRES– Wires is Australia’s largest wildlife organization. They have over 27 branches across the country and our continually seeking the betterment of the nation’s animals. They offer a rescue line, report, and app. All of which can be utilized to help save an animal. To support or contact this organization call:  +1-300- 094 -737.
  2. Wildcare Australia– Is a non-profit organization that specializes in the rehabilitation of the area’s natural wildlife. It is located in South-east Queensland and has 24 contact available. Wildcare Australia’s aim to release healthy animals back into the wild and educate the public. To support of contact this organization call: +1-075-5527-2444.
  3. Wildlife Rescue At Australia’s Zoos–  Another way to secure the safety of a young animal is to contact your local zoo for wildlife support. Several of the zoos have an animal rescue team with wildlife rehabilitators and veterinarians attached to the program. To support or contact a rescue unit call:  +1-300-369-652.
  4. Darling Range Wildlife Shelter: Is a volunteer based rehabilitation shelter. They have a 24 hour hotline. The purpose is to release animals back into the wild after rehabilitation. To support or contact this organization call: +1-08-9394-0885.

Also more information about macropods can be found under the animals & travel sections of my blog.

President’s Day- D.C.

To commence my second day of my trip I had the opportunity to sit in on a cardiothoracic surgery (coarctation) at the museum of natural history. After viewing the resection of the narrow segment, I toured the museum.

Enjoyed seeing my favorite museum in DC today. So glad I got to save my @draperjames dress for the occasion! You can see a the pictures from the mammals and hope diamond exhibit on my blog today! #fashionblog #ootd

I got to view several different exhibits in the Smithsonian. My favorite since childhood has always been the mammal exhibit where they have the evolutionary paths of modern wildlife in each continent. I found it exciting to see the different zoological animals predecessors of what I’ll be working with in the future.

After venturing in the mammals exhibit I also got to witness the gems and minerals displays. The museum had a lovely collection for everyone to see. They also listed the organic compounds of each gem or mineral, so from an organic chemistry perspective it was neat.

Notably, a wonderful site in this exhibit was the Hope Diamond wich was in a rotating glass structure. Each angle the diamond turned, it showcased a different color. At certain angles it was a topaz yellow, dark blue, amethyst, and obsidian. All of this is due to the diamonds high clarity.

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After walking by the Department of Justice and National Archives my grandparents and I decided to tour the Old Clock Tower. The Clock Tower is the highest accessible point in Washington D.C. since the Pentagon no longer enables public access.

Once we navigated up the elevators to the top floor (12 stories) we were able to see the whole city. The hexagonal outline of D.C. was viewable as was each presidential monument. Likewise, the Pentagon and the White House were in sight range. However, due to snowy weather the view was a little foggy and not as precise as it normally is.

The Old Clock Tower museum is attached to the Trump Hotel and Towers so to celebrate  all our country’s presidents and respect the social liberties America has established we decided to stop in for some treats. My grandparents and I got  teas and rose. The Trump Towers were extraordinarily lovely with lavish interior decorating. The hotel was very scenic.

Hot Tea and Priorities! Having a great time wandering around my favorite DC museums in my @draperjames velvet dress and @sheinofficial hat! Shop the full look and read about my museum trips in today’s blog! #fashionblog

 

Animal Conservation

 

Since the Industrial Revolution in the 1800’s the exponential population boom in the 1900’s the worlds wildlife has been threatened. Many animals are facing extinction and increasing numbers are becoming endangered. To proctect all wildlife here are a list of ways everyone can contribute to helping animals and there ecosystems.

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  1. Assitst local or national wildlife associations
  2. Support Conservation Entreprenuers
  3. Support Anti-poaching legislature
  4. Utilize sustainable energy sources
  5. Promote globablized education
  6. Spread emails
  7. Share conservation efforts and stories
  8. Start a fundraiser
  9. Don’t engage in illegal exotic pet trade
  10. Support legislature against “bushmeat” or zoological animal meat trade
  11. Create a community project
  12. Volunteer with local wildlife shelters
  13. Read annual state or nation wildlife reports
  14. Attend awarness events
  15. Sponsor a species

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For more self education on conservation, animal legislature, and wildlife ecology be sure to check out WCN (https://wildnet.org/volunteer-opportunities) or GWC (https://www.globalwildlife.org/get-involved/).

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Wallabies

As a student studying zoological veterinary medicine I come across lots of marsupial animals. Last week I posted a bit about the Quokkas on Rottness Island. Australia, is filled with several types of marsupial animals. One of the most beloved are the Wallabies.

Wallabies like Quokkas and Kangaroos are apart of the macropod family. This means they are a marsupial animal that uses there hing legs and tail for balance and stability. There hind legs are often longer than there front and resort to hopping mobility.

Many people consider Wallabies to be “mini Kangaroos” and several consider them in the Kangaroo species. However, my professors disagree due to anatomical differences. Wallabies are visibly shorter. There body range is 40-112 cm from head to tail. Tail span ranges from 30- 80 cm. Likewise, there features are also “softer” since most wallabies are viewed as more delicate. They have longer eyelashes and more pointed noses. In addition they also have a higher metabolic rate due to expansion in the extensor ankle tendons. This enables high power kicks and impressive jump ranges.

Wallabies are like most there macropod family members and are sensitive. They like to be around positive and happy environments. Wallabies aren’t big on loud noises and don’t fare well in easily excited landscapes. They are native to the Australian terrain and outback. However due to there population numbers many are viewed as pest, much like there family members.

Since, I like to do rescue work I decided to list a few ways to help care for a Wallaby encase one is in need of care. There a few Wallaby rescues one can contact.  However, if one can’t reach a rescue this is a care protocol one should follow.

Health- Wallabies will need regular vaccinations. They are susceptible to many parasites and can become easily vitamin deficient. So, make sure to schedule biannual appointments with an exotic or zoological veterinarian to make sure health needs are necessary. If the vet requires additional appointments make sure to attend.

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Diet– Wallabies can eat alfalfa and grass. This is the main staple of their diet. If trying to lure a Wallaby or entice them into eating more food add carrots and dandelion leaves to the feed. As far as treats go Wallabies love carrots, broccoli, and bananas. They should only be given once a week since they aren’t a natural diet for a macropod.

Note; When eating Wallabies often regurgitate there food. This isn’t a sign of illness it is just a way they break down the roughage in there diet. It helps the protein content be digested smoothly.

If caring for a Wallaby joey one should have Wombaroo Milk Replacer. This is a special milk powder formula all marsupial animals should have under 24 months. It should be feed in a bottle.

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Housing– Wallabies are active animals that need space. If caring for one on your own make sure they have an outdoor space they can get at least four hours a day in. Likewise, there inside enclosure should be at least 6×6 feet. This ensures they can have proper room for mobility.

Since they are a marsupial animal you can take old bags and hang them in the room so they have a makeshift marsupial.  When inside the temperature needs to be above 50 degrees. They are partial to higher temperatures.

Note; Wallabies will often reveal symptoms of illness by liking there paws and coats. Normally, this would be a sign to take a marsupial animal to the vet, yet wallabies utilize it as a mechanism. This helps cool off there bodies from the preferred warmer temperatures.

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A list below are a few wildlife sanctuaries and rescues that will care for wallabies. If you cannot care for a wallaby properly or have questions about an endangered wallaby or macropod feel free to contact these resources.

  1. https://www.frontiergap.com/projects/12/Australia-Wallaby-Rescue
  2. https://www.wallabyranch.org/ranch.htm
  3. http://www.kangaloolawildlifeshelter.org.au/wallabies
  4. http://www.kangarookate.com/wallaby.htm
  5. http://wildcare.org.au/rescue-information/

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Quokkas

One of my classes required an observation of macropod marsupial animal. There are several through out Western Australia. Finding a marsupial animal to observe wouldn’t be hard. However I wanted to observe a macropod in its normal environment. Most of my classmates picked a type of wallaby or kangaroo. Since, I volunteer at a wildlife rescue I get to interact with the two species regularly so I wanted to branch out.

Notably, I thought of the quokkas which run among one of the islands in Perth. Quokkas are nick named the worlds happiest animals after several tourist posed with selfie with the critters on the island. The animals quickly adopted to being picture friendly and posing for the camera.

The cute small animals were friendly and happy. The cat size animal was adorable so I thought I would share my favorite photo I snapped of one of the cute little Quokkas.

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The island itself is Rottness Island. It  is known for being filled with Australia’s native wildlife. The Western Australian island has a diverse ecosystem making it a great day to explore. On top of the Quokkas venturing into the island makes a great day trip to see eagles, rocket parrot, bobtail lizard, fur seals, and dolphins.

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If you aren’t into all the animals like I am there are also plenty of activities on the island. There is 63 open beaches that make a perfect paradise. There is also a seaway trail and hiking trail to capture the beautiful scenery. On top of that there is museums filled with the islands history. Additionally, cinema to relax and unwind from the days heat. Likewise, a spa and other beautification units.

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